Abdomen - swollen Swollen belly; Swelling in the abdomen; Abdominal distention; Distended abdomen Causes: Abdominal swelling, or distention, is more often caused by overeating than by a serious illness. This problem also can be caused by: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Buildup of fluid in the abdomen (this can be a sign of a serious medical problem) Gas in the intestines from eating foods that are high in fiber (such as fruits and vegetables) Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance Ovarian cyst Partial bowel blockage Pregnancy Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Uterine fibroids Weight gain Home Care: A swollen abdomen that is caused by eating a heavy meal will go away when you digest the food.
Abdominal bloating Bloating; Meteorism Causes: Common causes include: Swallowing air Constipation Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance and problems digesting other foods Overeating Small bowel bacterial overgrowth Weight gain The oral diabetes medicine, acarbose, and medicines or foods containing lactulose or sorbitol, may cause bloating.
Abdominal mass Mass in the abdomen Considerations: An abdominal mass is usually found during a routine physical examination . Most of the time the mass develops slowly. You may not be able to feel the mass. Finding where the pain occurs helps the doctor make a diagnosis. For example, the abdomen is usually divided into four areas: Right-upper quadrant Left-upper quadrant Right-lower quadrant Left-lower quadrant Other terms used to find the location of abdominal pain or masses include: Epigastric -- center of the abdomen just below the rib cage Periumbilical -- area around the bellybutton The location of the mass and its firmness, texture, and other qualities can provide clues to its cause.
Abdominal pain Stomach pain; Pain - abdomen; Belly ache; Abdominal cramps; Bellyache; Stomachache Considerations: Almost everyone has pain in the abdomen at some point. Most of the time, it is not serious. How bad your pain is does not always reflect the seriousness of the condition causing the pain. For example, you might have very bad abdominal pain if you have gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis .
Abdominal pain - children under age 12 Stomach pain in children; Pain - abdomen - children; Abdominal cramps in children; Belly ache in children Considerations: When your child complains of abdominal pain, see if they can describe it to you.
Abdominal rigidity Rigidity of the abdomen Considerations: When there is a sore area inside the belly or abdomen, the pain will get worse when a hand presses against your belly area. Your fear or nervousness about being touched (palpated) may cause this symptom, but there should be no pain. If you have pain when you are touched and you tighten the muscles to guard against more pain, it is more likely caused by a physical condition inside your body.
Abdominal sounds Bowel sounds Considerations: Abdominal sounds (bowel sounds) are made by the movement of the intestines as they push food through. The intestines are hollow, so bowel sounds echo through the abdomen much like the sounds heard from water pipes. Most bowel sounds are harmless. They simply mean that the gastrointestinal tract is working. A health care provider can check abdominal sounds by listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope ( auscultation ).
Agitation Restlessness Considerations: Agitation can come on suddenly or over time. It can last for a few minutes, for weeks, or even months. Pain, stress, and fever can all increase agitation. Agitation by itself may not be a sign of a health problem. But if other symptoms occur, it can be a sign of disease. Agitation with a change in alertness (altered consciousness) can be a sign of delirium .
Alertness - decreased Stuporous; Mental status - decreased; Loss of alertness; Decreased consciousness; Changes in consciousness; Obtundation; Coma; Unresponsiveness Causes: Many conditions can cause decreased alertness, including: Chronic kidney disease Extreme tiredness or lack of sleep High blood sugar level or low blood sugar level High or low blood sodium (body chemical, or electrolyte) concentration Infection that is severe or involves the brain Liver failure Thyroid conditions that cause low thyroid hormone levels or very high thyroid hormone levels Brain disorders or injury, such as: Dementia or Alzheimer's disease Head trauma Seizure Stroke Injury or accidents, such as: Diving accidents and near drowning Heat stroke Very low body temperature ( hypothermia ) Heart or breathing problems, such as: Abnormal heart rhythm ( arrhythmia ) Lack of oxygen ( hypoxia ) from any cause Low blood pressure (hypotension) Severe heart failure Severe lung diseases Very high blood pressure (hypertension) Toxins and drugs, such as: Alcohol abuse (binge drinking or damage from long-term alcohol use) Exposure to heavy metals, hydrocarbons, or toxic gases Overuse of drugs such as opiates, narcotics, sedatives, and anti-anxiety or seizure medications Side effect of almost any medicine, such as those used to treat seizures, depression, psychosis, and other illnesses Home Care: Get medical help for any decrease in consciousness, even when it is due to alcohol intoxication , fainting , or a seizure disorder that has already been diagnosed.
Ambiguous genitalia Genitals - ambiguous Considerations: The genetic sex of a child is determined at conception. The mother's egg cell (ovum) contains an X chromosome , while the father's sperm cell contains either an X or a Y chromosome. These X and Y chromosomes determine the child's genetic sex. Normally, an infant inherits one pair of sex chromosomes -- one X from the mother and one X or one Y from the father.